Punched Drunk: Alcohol, Surveillance and the LCBO, 1927-1975


LCBO Surveillance Technologies







Punch Cards, IBM & Statistical Analysis

Bibliography

Bibliography


Abbreviations
LCBO Documents
Ontario Government Papers
Legal Cases
Other Documents
Magazines and Newspapers
Other Works Cited


Abbreviations


Archives of Ontario: AO
Liquor Control Board of Ontario: LCBO
LCBO Archives: LCBO-A
Howard Ferguson Papers, Archives of Ontario: HFP


LCBO Documents


LCBO. Annual Reports of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario. 1927–1975. Toronto.

_____. Cancelled Establishment Files. 1979-1994. AO: Ontario Government Record
Series, RG 36-25.

_____. Circulars nos. 1-4816. 1927–1963. AO: Administrative Records of the General
Manager of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario, RG 41-3, boxes: 2, 7, 8, 9.

_____. Forms. 1927–1975. LCBO-A, Toronto.

_____. Form LLB-244, AO: RG 36-13, box 1D, file no. 332.

_____. Establishment Files. 1927–1992. AO: Ontario Government Record Series,
RG 36-8.

_____. General Correspondence. 1954–1962. AO: Administrative Records of the
General Manager of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario RG 41-3.

_____. Geographical Correspondence Files. 1934–1945. AO: Ontario Government
Record Series, RG 36-4.

_____. Interdiction List. 1929–1975. AO: Interdiction Records of the Liquor Licence
Board of Ontario 1929-1990, RG 36-13, boxes: 194,7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1-R, 2-R,
512, 1-D, 1, 551.

_____. Judges’ Orders of Interdiction. 1927–1975. AO: Interdiction Records of the
Liquor Licence Board of Ontario 1929–1990, box 194, b302634, RG-36-13.

_____. Letters from Chief Constables. 1942–1963. AO: Central Registry of the Liquor
Control Board of Ontario, RG 41-1, box 3: file Provincial Police.

_____. Liquor to Indians. 1954–1962. AO: Central Registry of the Liquor Control
Board of Ontario, RG 41-1, box: 2.

_____. Miscellaneous Circulars. 1955–1975. AO: Administrative Records of the
General Manager of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario, RG 41-3 Accession
24776, box 13.

_____. Miscellaneous Correspondence: Q-Sale of Liquor to Indians. 1954–1962.
AO: Administrative Records of the General Manager of the Liquor Control
Board of Ontario, RG 41-3, box 24.

_____. Provincial Police file. n.d. AO: Central Registry of the Liquor Control Board
of Ontario, RG 41-112-P-2, B200403.

_____. Instructions to Vendors Regarding the Issuance of Liquor Permits for
1927–1928. AO: Administrative Records of the General Manager of the Liquor
Control Board of Ontario, RG 41-3, box: 8, file: 1-200.

_____. Instructions to Vendors, 1927, Form 85. AO: Administrative Records of the
General Manager of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario. RG 41-3, boxes:
8–9.

_____. Special Instructions to Brewery and Brewery Warehouse Inspectors. 1927.
AO: Administrative Records of the General Manager of the Liquor Control
Board of Ontario. RG 41-3, box: 8, file: 1–200.

_____. Vendor’s Instructions, 1927. AO: Administrative Records of the General
Manager of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario, RG 41-3, box: 8, file:
1–200.

_____. 1928. “Regulations of the LCBO 1927.” In Francis P Brennan (ed.), The
Liquor Control Act, Ontario, Annotated: also the regulations of the Liquor Control
Board of Ontario: full commentaries: references to all relevant case law and the
corresponding sections of analogous statutes of other provinces, and the Canada
Temperance Act; full cross-references and all necessary forms. Toronto: Canada
Law Book Co.

_____. 1934. Regulations. AO: Government Documents Ontario Gazette, Vol. 67
(July–December): 900–919.

_____. 1944. Letter to Inspector Gulley, May 22. AO: RG 36-5, box 367448, file:
36-5-0-30.

_____. 1946. “Answer to Question 10.14 (March 25, 1946).” Administrative Records
of the General Manager of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario, AO: A RG
41-3, box 15 B373350, file: Ontario Government Questions 1943–1944.

_____. 1951. The Liquor Control Board of Ontario Manual of Instructions and
Regulations. LCBO-A, Toronto.

_____. 1955. Form S-23, Purchase Order Form. AO: Administrative Records of the
General Manager of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario RG 41-3 box 2,
file: 12-D-1, B200405.

_____. 1955a. Letter from Supervisor of Stores, Dec. 13, 1955. AO: Administrative
Records of the General Manager of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario, RG
41-3, box 2, file: 17-M-1, Miscellaneous Circulars, B200403.

_____. 1955b. Letter from Chief Constable of the City of Brantford, Nov. 21. AO:
Central Registry of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario, RG 41-112-P-2,
B200403, file Provincial Police.

_____. 1956. Letter from Vendor, Jan. 19. AO: District Police, Central Registry of the
Liquor Control Board of Ontario, RG 41-1, box 2, file 12-D-1, B200405.

_____. 1969. Warning Letter, in Interdiction Records of the Liquor Licence Board
of Ontario 1929–1990, RG 36-13, box: 194, file no. 46.

_____. 2007. “How Ontario Put the Demon Back in the Bottle.” Unpublished
Paper.


Ontario Government Papers

HFP. 1924. “Ferguson’s Personal Communication with a Constituent.” AO: Papers
Concerning the Temperance Question in Ontario. F8 MU 1029.

HFP. 1926. “To the People of Ontario.” Papers Concerning the Temperance
Question in Ontario 1907–1929. AO: Howard Ferguson Fonds, F 8, MU1029,
File: Ferguson, George Howard Papers.

_____. 1927. “The Prime Minister, on the Second Reading of the Liquor Control
Bill in the Legislature, March 15th 1927.” Papers Concerning the Temperance
Question 1907–1929. AO: Howard Ferguson Fonds, F 8, MU1029.

Ontario. 1936. Liquor Control Board Inquiry. Sessional Paper 51. AO: Records of
the Liquor Control Board Inquiry, RG 18-109, temp. box 2-58, 18-30-1-4, file:
Liquor Control Board Inquiry.

_____. 1937–1942. Liquor Licensing and Inspection Files. AO: Liquor Licencing and
Inspection Files RG 36-5, Miscellaneous - Inspection Districts, RG 36-5-0-29,
box A90, B367440.

_____. 1927. Order-In-Council appointing D.B. Hanna as Chairman, S.M.
Cleneghan and R.J. Manion as members of the L.C.B.O. AO: Attorney General
Central Registry Criminal and Civil Files, RG 4-32.

_____. 1907–1929. Papers Concerning the Temperance Question. AO: Howard
Ferguson Fonds, F 8. MU 1029.

_____. 1943–1944. Government Questions. AO: A RG 41-3, Box 15 B373350.

_____. 1945. Question 10, Ontario Government Questions 1943-1946. AO: RG 41-3,
Box 15.

_____. Liquor Authority Control Act. 1944. Statutes of Ontario, c.33.

_____. Liquor Control Act. 1927. Statutes of Ontario, c.70.

_____. Liquor Control Act. 1934. Statutes of Ontario, c.26.

_____. Liquor Control Act. 1937. Revised Statutes of Ontario, c.294.

_____. Liquor Control Act. 1965. Statutes of Ontario, c.58.

_____. Liquor Licence Act. 1946. Statutes of Ontario, c.47.

_____. Liquor Licence Act. 1975. Statutes of Ontario, c.40.

_____. Liquor Licence Law. 1890. Statutes of Ontario, c.56.

_____. Sarnia Reserve. 1953. Second Fact Finding Tour of the Legislature’s Select
Committee on Indian Affairs, Northwestern Ontario, 1953. AO: RG 49-132,
file D-53.

_____. Manitou Rapids. 1953. Second Fact Finding Tour of the Legislature’s Select
Committee on Indian Affairs, Northwestern Ontario, 1953. AO: RG 49-132, file D-53.

_____. McGregor Bay Reserve. 1953. Second Fact Finding Tour of the Legislature’s Select
Committee on Indian Affairs, Northwestern Ontario, 1953. AO: RG 49-132, file D-53.

_____. Legislative Assembly. 1925. Returns from the Plebiscite Holden Under the Ontario
Temperance Act, 1924. Toronto: King’s Printer.


Legal Cases

Ontario [Liquor Control Board] v. Keupfer (1974), 47 Dominion Law Reports.

Rex v. Brown (1930) 55 C.C.C. 29.

Rex v. Martin (1917) 40 O.L.R. 270.

Rex v. Webb (1943) 80 C.C.C. 151.

Richards v. Cote (1962) 39 C.R. 204.

Thompson v. Thompson.1933. Liquor Control Board, Toronto: Thompson l.c.

Thompson - Divorce Action, Attorney General Central Registry Criminal and Civil
Files, RG 4-32.


Other Documents


Aborigines’ Protection Society. 1865. The Hudson’s Bay Company, Canada West and the
Indian Tribes. AO: PAMPH 1865 no. 15.

Canada. Indian Act. 1876. Statutes of Canada, c. 18.

_____. Indian Act. 1918. Statutes of Canada, c. 26.

_____. 1943. The Control and Sale of Liquor in Canada. Ottawa: Department of Trade
and Commerce and Dominion Bureau of Statistics.

_____. 1947. Special Joint Committee of the Senate and House of Commons
Appointed to Continue and Complete the Examination and Consideration of
the Indian Act. Minutes of Proceedings and Evidence. Ottawa.

_____. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. 1973. The Canadian Indian: A Brief
Outline. Ottawa: Information Canada.

_____. Indian Registration and Band Lists Directorate. 1993. Identification and
Registration of Indian and Inuit People. Ottawa: Department of Indian Affairs and
Northern Development.

_____. 2007. Historic Treaty Information Site. Available at <http://www.ainc-inac.
gc.ca/pr/trts/hti/site/maindex_e.html
> (December 2007).

Canadian Northern Railway Company. 1904. Annual Report of the Board of Directors
of the Canadian Northern Railway Company. Toronto.

Census of Canada.1911. Library and Archives Canada: 1911 Census of Canada
Indexing Project: http://automatedgenealogy.com/census11/.

Citizens’ Liberty League. 1921. Pamphlet. Papers Concerning the Temperance
Question. 1907–1929. AO: Howard Ferguson Fonds, F 8, MU 1029.

Cole, Alf. 1953. Second Fact Finding Tour of the Legislature’s Select Committee on Indian
Affairs, Northwestern Ontario, 1953. AO: RG 49-132, file D-53.

Election Poster, Pro-Ferguson Government Regarding Liquor Control. 1926. AO:
Posters and Broadsides Relating to Elections, Political, and Military Affairs C
233-1-1-0-2212, container f000403.

National Drug and Chemical Company of Canada Limited. 1927. “Personal
Correspondence to Premier Ferguson Feb. 3rd 1927.” AO: Papers Concerning
the Temperance Question in Ontario, F 8 MU 1029.

Ontario Board of Licence Commissioners. 1921. Report on the Operation of the Ontario
Temperance Act 1920–1921. Toronto: King’s Printer.

Ontario Provincial Council of Women. 1944. Annual Meeting. Dec. 1. AO: RG 36-
5-0-38.1.

Ontario Provincial Police (OPP). Crime and Liquor Circular S-70. 1954–1962. AO:
Liquor Offences Involving Indians Ontario Provincial Police, Ontario Provincial
Police Policing of Indian Reservations, Military Camps and Parks, Files RG
23 H-8a.

______. 1926–1970. Annual Reports of the Ontario Provincial Police. Toronto: Ontario
Provincial Police.

______. 1929. Letter to District Inspectors. AO: OPP Circulars 1922–1944. RG-23-
29.

Rodd, Roscoe. 1932. “Canada and Liquor Control: Presidential Address of Roscoe
S. Rodd at the Ontario Prohibition Union Convention.” Toronto: Ontario
Prohibition Union.

Ross, Duncan C. 1936. Liquor Control Board Inquiry Sessional Paper 51. AO: RG
49-19, Box 1.

Statistics Canada. 2004. Population of Canada, by Province, Census Dates, 1851 to
1976. Series A2-14.

Statutes of His Majesty’s Province of Upper Canada. 1801. “An Act to Prevent the
Sale of Spirituous Liquors and Strong Waters in the Tract Occupied by the
Moravian Indians on the River Thames, in the Western District.” In Statutes of
His Majesty’s Province of Upper Canada. George III c.14.

Statutes of Upper Canada. 1840. “An Act to Amend and make Permanent an Act
passes in the Fifth Year of His late Majesty’s Reign, entitled, ‘An Act to prevent
the Sale of Intoxicating Liquors to Indians.’” 3 Vic. c. 13.

_____. 1850. “An Act for the Protection of Indians in Upper Canada from Imposition,
and the Property Occupied by or Enjoyed by Them from Trespass or Injury.”
Microfilm B-91 Reel-5, Statutes of the Province of Canada.

Statutes of the Province of Upper Canada. 1835. “An Act to Prevent the Sale of
Spirituous Liquor to Indians.” 5 William c.9. Microfilm B-91 Reel 2.


Magazines and Newspapers


Daily Star, The (Toronto). 1937. “Henry Demand for Probe of Liquor Control
Denied.” March 25.

Globe, The. 1924. “Avalanche of Names in Plebiscite Vote Amazes Windsor.” Oct.
6.

_____. 1924a. “Ontario Stays Dry.” Oct. 25.

_____. 1926. “Store Hours Stretched.” June 6.

_____. 1927. “Government Policy of Liquor Control Strongly Denounced.” Feb.
7.

_____. 1927a. “D.B. Hanna Is Premier Ferguson’s ‘Strong Man.’” Feb. 9.

_____. 1927b. “Wide Powers Given Control Board by New Liquor Bill.” March
10.

_____. 1927c. “Timidity of Women Blamed for Defeat of Prohibition Issue.” March
14.

_____. 1927d. “Amendment Is Offered to Score Government for Delegating Powers.”
March 16.

_____. 1927e. “Liquor Control Bill Passed by Committee with Few Revisions.”
March 25.

_____. 1927f. “Spence Asks Action in People’s Interests.” May 11.

_____. 1927g. “No Frosted Glass to Hide Business in Liquor Stores.” May 21.

_____. 1927h. “They Line up Quickly to Get Their Liquor Once Stores Are Open.”
June 2.

_____. 1927i. “Store Hours Stretched.” June 6.

_____. 1927k. “Liquor Bill Gets Reading Without Opposition.”

_____. 1929. “Government Claims under Criticism.” Sept. 18.

_____. 1934a. “Legislature Endorses.” March 28.

_____. 1934b. “Women Ministers Left to Discretion of Presbyteries.” Sept. 19.

_____. 1934c. “Trustee Observes Girls Being Brought out of Beer Rooms.” Sept.
18.

_____. 1935. “50 Girls Seen Drinking by Minister.” March 6.

_____. 1937. “Liquor Board to Curb Mixed Drinking in Ontario Hotels, New Rules
to Require Two Rooms.” March 29.

Kenora Miner & News, The. 1974. “Welfare Minister to Visit Region.” July 4.

_____. 1975. “Book Stirs Reaction.” April 24.

Ontario Gazette. 1923. “Statement of Votes Polled 1923.”

Ottawa Citizen, The. 1927a. “Commission to Ignore Protest on Liquor Store.”May
10.

_____. 1927b. “Making Further Protest against Beer Store Site.” May 11.
Railway Review. 1926. “Railway Accounting and Punch Cards.” 79(9).

_____. 1926a. “Passenger Traffic Again Declines According to I.C.C. Monthly
Summary.” 79(20).

_____. 1926b. “Compiling Operating Statistics by Punch Cards: Facts and Figure
Made Easily Obtainable and Accessible.” 79(18).

_____. 1926c. “Fuel Accounting with Punch Cards: Mechanical Devices Aid, by
Accurate Recording, in Keeping Down Costs.” 79(20).

_____. 1926d. “Station Accounting by Punch Card System: Large Economies Made
Possible by Use of Modern Machinery.” 79(16).

_____. 1926e. “Keeping Tab on Transportation Costs: Gulf Mobile & Northern
R.R. Uses Daily Record, Enabling Close Supervision.” 79(25).

Star Weekly (Toronto). 1937. “Beer Drinking Called ‘Pret.’” March 13.

Telegram, The (Toronto). 1937. “Hepburn Agrees to Probe Liquor Administration as
Opposition Insists.” May 25.

_____. 1963. “Liquor Post to IBM Chief.” Aug. 20.

Time. 1926. “Booze By Christmas.” December 13.


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